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    2020考研英语二真题答案及解析:Section Ⅱ Part B

    时间:2021-01-05 17:04来源:MBA网

    Section Ⅱ Reading Comprehension Part B Directions: Read the following text and answer the questions by choosing the most suitable subheading from the list A-G for each numbered paragraphs (41 -45). There are two extra subheadings which yo

      Section Ⅱ Reading Comprehension

      Part B

      Directions:

      Read the following text and answer the questions by choosing the most suitable subheading from the list A-G for each numbered paragraphs (41 -45). There are two extra subheadings which you do not need to use. Mark your answers on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)

      [A]Give compliments, just not too many.

      [B] Put on a good face, always.

      [C] Tailor your interactions.

      [D] Spend time with everyone.

      [E] Reveal, don' t hide, information.

      [F] Slow down and listen.

      [G] Put yourselves in others' shoes.

      Five Ways to Win Over Everyone in the Office

      Is it possible to like everyone in your office? Think about how tough it is to get together 15 people, much less 50, who all get along perfectly. But unlike in friendships, you need coworkers. You work with them every day and you depend on them just as they depend on you. Here are some ways that you can get the whole office on your side

      41.____

      If you have a bone to pick with someone in your workplace, you may try stay tight-lipped around them. But you won't be helping either one of you. A Harvard Business School study found that observers consistently rated those who were frank about themselves more highly, while those who hid lost trustworthiness. The lesson is not that you should make your personal life an open book, but rather, when given the option to offer up details about yourself or painstakingly conceal them, you should just be honest.

      42._____

      Just as important as being honest about yourself is being receptive to others. We often feel the need to tell others how we feel, whether it's a concern about a project, a stray thought, or a compliment. Those are all valid, but you need to take time to hear out your coworkers, too. In fact, rushing to get your own ideas out there can cause colleagues to feel you don't value their opinions. Do your best to engage coworkers in a genuine, back- and-forth conversation, rather than prioritizing your own thoughts.

      43._____

      It's common to have a“cubicle mate" or special confidant in a work setting. But in addition to those trusted coworkers, you should expand your horizons and find out about all the people around you. Use your lunch and coffee breaks to meet up with colleagues you don't always see. Find out about their lives and interests beyond the job. It requires minimal effort and goes a long way. This will help to gTow your internal network, in addition to being a nice break in the work day.

      44._____

      Positive feedback is important for anyone to hear. And you don't have to be someone's boss to tell them they did an exceptional job on a particular project. This will help engender good will in others. But don't overdo it or be fake about it. One study found that people responded best to comments that shifted from negative to positive, possibly because it suggested they had won somebody over.

      45.______

      This one may be a bit more difficult to pull off, but it can go a long way to achieving results. Remember in dealing with any coworker what they appreciate from an interaction. Watch out for how they verbalize with others. Some people like small talk in a meeting before digging into important matters, while other are more straightforward. Jokes that work one person won't necessarily land with another, So, adapt your style accordingly to type. Consider the person that you re dealing with in advance and what will get you to your desired outcome.

      答案解析

      41. 答案是E Reveal, don’t hide, information

      解析:根据段落转折句,“你这样做对谁都没有好处。”所以接下来就是作者的观点。他说一个研究发现观察者们一直对那些和他们坦诚的人评价很高,而对那些有所隐藏的失去信任。所以就是要真实,不要隐藏信息。

      42. 答案是F Slow down and listen

      解析:根据段落中心句: In fact, rishing to get your own ideas out there can cause colleagues to feel you don’t value their opinions. 意思是实际上,急着表达你的观点可能会让同事们觉得你没有重视他们的观点。因此就是听取别人的观点。

      43. 答案是D Spend time with everyone

      解析:根据段落转折句,“除了那些你信任的同事,你还应该扩大你的圈子,并且寻找所有你身边的人。因此就是要和每个人在一起。

      44. 答案是A Give compliments, just not too many

      解析:根据段落转折句,“但是不要过度去做或者做假。应该做的内容就在下句,“一个研究发现,人们对于从负面到正面的评价反应最好,也许因为这个评价表明他们有比其他人做得好。因此这就是要称赞,但是不能太多。

      45. 答案是C Tailor your interactions

      解析:根据段落中心句,最后一句:So, adapt your style accordingly to type. 意思是要相应地把你的风格适合于不同的类型。也就是因人而异的意思。

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