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    2020考研英语二真题答案及解析:Section I

    时间:2021-01-05 17:01来源:MBA网

    Section I Use of English Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word (s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points) Being a good parent is, of course, what every parent would like to be. B

      Section I Use of English


      Read the following text. Choose the best word (s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)

      Being a good parent is, of course, what every parent would like to be. But defining what it means to be a good parent is undoubtedly very __1__, particularly since children respond differently to the same style of parenting. A calm, rule-following child might respond better to a different sort of parenting than, __2__, a younger sibling.

      __3__, there’s another sort of parent that’s a bit easier to __4__: a patient parent. Children of every age benefit from patient parenting. Still, __5__ every parent would like to be patient, this is no easy __6__. Sometimes parents get exhausted and frustrated and are unable to maintain a __7__ and composed style with their kids. I understand this.

      You’re only human, and sometimes your kids can __8__ you just a little too far. And then the __9__ happens: You lose your patience and either scream at your kids or say something that was a bit too __10__ and does nobody any good. You wish that you could __11__ the clock and start over. We’ve all been there.

      __12__, even though it’s common, it’s important to keep in mind that in a single moment of fatigue, you can say something to your child that you may __13__ for a long time. This may not only do damage to your relationship with your child but also __14__ your child’s self-esteem.

      If you consistently lose your __15__ with your kids, then you are inadvertently modeling a lack of emotional control for your kids. We are all becoming increasingly aware of the __16__ of modeling tolerance and patience for the younger generation. This is a skill that will help them all throughout life. In fact, the ability to emotionally regulate or maintain emotional control when __17__ by stress is one of the most important of all life’s skills.

      Certainly, it’s incredibly __18__ to maintain patience at all times with your children. A more practical goal is to try, to the best of your ability, to be as tolerant and composed as you can when faced with __19__ situations involving your children. I can promise you this: As a result of working toward this goal, you and your children will benefit and __20__ from stressful moments feeling better physically and emotionally.

      1. A tedious B pleasant C instructive D tricky

      2. A in addition B for example C at once D by accident

      3. A fortunately B occasionally C accordingly D eventually

      4. A amuse B assist C describe D train

      5. A while B because C unless D once

      6. A answer B task C choice D access

      7. A tolerant B formal C rigid D critical

      8. A move B drag C push D send

      9. A mysterious B illogical C suspicious D inevitable

      10. A boring B naive C harsh D vague

      11. A turn back B take apart C set aside D cover up

      12. A overall B instead C however D otherwise

      13. A like B miss C believe D regret

      14. A raise B affect C justify D reflect

      15. A time B bond C race D cool

      16. A nature B secret C importance D context

      17. A cheated B defeated C confused D confronted

      18. A terrible B hard C strange D wrong

      19. A trying B changing C exciting D surprising

      20. A hide B emerge C withdraw D escape



      1.【答案】D tricky


      2.【答案】B for example

      【解析】此处考察上下文逻辑关系。前面说了不同的孩子对待同样的养育方式反应也是不同的,此句为例证,如果换一种养育方式,一个冷静而听话的孩子可能会比他的弟弟或妹妹反应更好些。所以用表示举例分析的for example最合适,其他选项另外、偶尔、意外地都不合适。

      3.【答案】A Fortunately


      4.【答案】C describe

      【解析】 此处考察动词词义辨析+上下文语境。第一段告诉我们如何定义怎样才是好的父母是个难题,第二段出现转折说但是有一类父母很好描述/定义,describe与define相呼应,故选C符合句意。

      5.【答案】A while


      6.【答案】B task


      7.【答案】A tolerant


      8.【答案】C push


      9.【答案】D inevitable

      【解析】此处考察形容词词意辨析+上下文语境。空格前一句指出:有时候孩子会把你逼的很紧。空格后一句指出你会失去耐心,对孩子大吼大叫。那么这是孩子把你逼的很紧的必然结果,inevitable 为无法避免的/必然的,故选D符合句意。

      10.【答案】C harsh

      【解析】此处考察词义辨析+上下文语境。空格句句意:你会失去耐心并对孩子大吼大叫,而且有时候会说一些很伤人/刻薄的话,对每个人都没好处。根据上下文,something 后面的形容词一定是贬义的,harsh为刺耳的/严格的,故选C。

      11.【答案】A turn back

      【解析】此处考察动词搭配+上下文语境。空格句句意:你会希望时间倒流,一切重新再来。turn back为(使)往回走,take apart 为拆开/拆解,set aside为把....放一旁/不理会,cover up为盖起来,均不符合句意,故选A。

      12.【答案】C however

      【解析】此处考察上下文逻辑关系。空格句指出:然而,即使是这是很普遍的现象,我们还是要牢记,哪怕只是一点点的疲惫,都会让你对孩子说一些你会后悔很久的话。上一段描述了一般情况下父母是如何对孩子失去耐心,并且这很普遍(We've all been there/it's common),空格句对比上一段发生了转折,故选C。

      13.【答案】D regret


      14.【答案】B affect


      15.【答案】D cool

      【解析】本题考察动宾搭配,也是主题复现,cool有“冷静之意。“如果你总是对你的孩子失去...,”本文一直在探讨的主题就是对孩子要有耐心,因此符合题意的只能是cool, 而time时间,bond结合,纽带,race比赛,种族都不符合这里的语境。

      16.【答案】C importance

      【解析】本题考察名词的修饰关系,A of B的结构中填名词A,主要参照后面of结构对它的修饰作用。Of结构在这里表示“建立对孩子宽容和耐心的...”联系前面说”我们越来越重视...”因此符合题意的应该是importance“重要性”nature,自然、天性;secret秘密,context环境。

      17.【答案】D confronted


      18.【答案】B hard


      19.【答案】A trying

      【解析】本题考察修饰关系。根据原文语境“一个更实际的目标是去尝试,尽你最大的能力,当你面对涉及孩子的...情况时,尽可能地宽容和冷静” 需要父母宽容和冷静的应该是不太好的情况,答案trying做形容词表示“令人厌烦的”最合适。changing变化,exciting激动人心的surprising令人惊讶的,均不能体现这里的含义。

      20.【答案】B emerge

      【解析】考察动宾搭配,这里的句义是“朝着这个目标努力的结果是,你和你的孩子将受益并从很有压力的这些时候...,在身体和情感上感觉更好”。只有“浮现,出现”最符合,所以选择emerge, 而hide隐藏,withdraw撤退,escape逃避均为负面含义,故不符合。




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